Melan-conomy – Co-creating crisis

By Louise Pogager

 

One for all and all for one, we are in it together – an economic crisis that continually seems to unroll and unravel, through media coverage, academic debates, economic actions and governmental manoeuvring. And yet it does not seem, that we are getting anywhere – rather it seems that we move in circles re-producing the same-and-not-the-same crisis scenario in every new dealing with economy. Inspired by STS[1] and the idea that experimentations with the relation between the conceptual-empirical is co-creating the ‘world’ (and hence our ability to experience the world is created through continual conceptualization and vice versa[2]), combined with a position of departure in critical theory: examining the world from a position of a priory pain, a position to close for comfort[3] – my current agenda is to reflect on money, crisis, debt and the human state of mind, being in a state of blasé, co-creating the economic crisis manifesting in what I deem melan-conomy. Hoping the reader will bare with me, I include my own view – inspired by Haraway’s concept of ‘situated knowledges’[4] (claiming that there is a truth in every and any view, because “knowledge are material-semiotic nodes”[5] as such knowledge is an interaction between the object and the knowledge seeker) – exposing my self from a position to close for comfort – as an element of “‘embodied’ account of the truth”[6], using my own experiences and state of mind as ‘data’, in the following philosophical reflections on the economical crisis and human state of mind, as a state of being blasé, co-creating a situation of melan-conomy by our conception of money, crisis, debt and human prospect. During these reflections, the term blasé will be unfolded and understood via Sloterdijk’s Critique of the cynical reason[7]. I will introduce an understanding of money, as a ‘split in-between’, between Zizek’s orders of the real, symbolic and the imaginary, in an understanding of Bjerg’s Making Money – The philosophy of crisis capitalism[8]. This will lead to the analysis in which I will account for an understanding of economy and human a state of blasé, co-creating melan-conomy and finally reintroducing Sloterdijk, I will touch upon the implications this state of blasé might entail. But before going any further, I will introduce my own experience and reason for entering into these reflections.

 

The loss of innocence

A few years back I wrote a strong spirited essay on the Occupy Wall Street[9] movement and The New Spirit Capitalism by Luc Boltanski and Ève Chiapello[10]. At the time I was convinced that this movement would ignite, maybe not a revolution but perhaps merely acknowledgement and the first steps towards an adjustment of the monetary state of affairs causing segregation and isolation of individuals in society due to poverty and debt. Steps towards what I would deem a more sustainable economy.

Since then I realised that it was a naïve misinterpretation of the current state, not least while studying for this course: Money Finance and Sustainable Economy. As I read and tried to understand this syllabus, I gradually realised even further the complexity of economy and how little I really understand. In the process I came to wonder if any, even the most brilliant economists of the world, are able to grasp the entirety and impact of economy. If this is true – that global economy in its entirety is unachievable  – how are we ever going to proactively navigate truly sustainable in a global economy. These slow and torturing realizations left me in a state of apathetic despair. Suddenly the sense of the syllabus seemed senseless, because I would never be able to do anything about economy anyways. It was like continuing moments of enlightenment stripped me from my previous naivety and I experienced a sense of kinship with the mindset of the cynic: “In this, there is something of the mourning for a “lost innocence,” of the mourning for better knowledge, against which all action and labor are directed.”[11] With my new knowledge, I knew better than before how inefficient my impact and my prospects will ever be, there is no sense and the right ‘thing’ is indefinable – I realised that this better knowledge that I tried to find in the syllabus does not exist. I felt to be in a place without a view, caught in an economy of gloomy future prospects. I found my self without a sense of purpose – to be blasé.

 


To be blasé

Being blasé is born from a reading of Sloterdijks Critique of the cynical reason, and is the result of trying to sum up the cynical reason in one adequate word. Generally the cynical reason is a state of collective public mass loneliness and purposelessness. “[T]he cities themselves has become diffuse clumps whose power to create generally accepted public character has been lost”[12] consequently “Today the cynic appears as a mass figure.”[13] Returning to being blasé this engender that the individual psychologically inhabits a state of borderline melancholia.[14] The state is set on by “enlightened false consciousness”[15], which is a state of knowingly acting without purpose and prospect. The claim is that this purposelessness is the result of enlightenment, because as “we are enlightened, we are apathetic….It does not occur to us to love the kind of knowledge we have; rather we ask our selves how we might contrive to live with it without becoming ossified.”[16] Thus the state of blasé is neither activity nor inactivity, but survival. It is surviving the “lost innocence … mourning for better knowledge, against which all labor is directed.”[17] By this, being blasé is the outcome of accumulated knowledge, that in turn results in a cynical realization that there is no right answer, there is no higher purpose, there is only “the nothingness to which everything leads.”[18] “To act against better knowledge is today the global situation in the superstructure; it knows itself to be without illusions and yet to have been dragged down by the “power of thing”.[19] As such the state of blasé also inhabits an element of victimization, the cynical reason and being blasé, is surviving as a victim of life and circumstance, knowing too much, knowing to be without illusions. Isolated by the fact that there is no higher purpose in life, knowing every action to be fruitless, but doing it anyways out of self-preservation. Telling one self that it has to be don, otherwise others might “do it anyways, perhaps worse.”[20] Being blasé is a painful activity, acting out of “the compulsion to put up with preestablished relations”[21]. Acting against better knowledge, knowing that no knowledge provides prospects quite the contrary.

 

My being blasé was set on by two realizations: money does not exist and what I conceive as an economical state of melan-conomy. Two realizations I will elaborate on in the following.

 

Money does not exist

“Money does not exist”[22] as a final definable entity.[23] Money is as a complex interdependency between, value, price and future possibilities. Inherent in this understanding of money is also a number of paradoxes, which addressed directly may cause the interdependency to dissolve. What makes money is the “believe that the money issued by the state [gold or cash] is somehow backed by ‘real value’, this money will indeed circulate as if it were actually backed by ‘real value’, thus producing the effect that it is indeed backed by ‘real value’”.[24] In other words money only exist as long as we trust in them as a concept symbolising value, the moment we question this, money start to dissolve and sees to exist.

 

This conceptualizing of money leaps from the understanding, that Heideggers[25] Dasein is in its being between what- and that-ness.[26] As such the Dasein does not exist as a final definable entity. Quoting Heidegger: “Dasein is ontologically distinctive in that it is ontological”[27], Bjerg asks not what is money, but “How is Money”.[28] Framing the question of how is money, Bjerg bridges to Zizek’s understanding of the subject as a split identity. Accordingly the subject is understood as an in-between, exiting in a constant state of lack.[29] This in-between is according to Zizek constituted by three orders: the symbolic, the real and the imaginary, conjoined in a Borromean knot. Understanding the three orders, every characteristic by which the subject is defined is a symbol. This symbol leaves the subject in a state of lack as it acknowledges that for real, it is more that this symbol, more, which is not yet fixed by symbolic signifiers. Alas the more is in the moment of realization locked between the real and the symbolic, in the subject’s imagination of its subjectivity.[30] This is how the subject is split, in a constant in-between, between a symbolic reality and real presence, as it is never reducible to neither ‘the symbolic signifiers of reality’, nor emerging complete in ‘a real actual presence’. As such, what constitutes subjectivity is a lack, because subjectivity is always more than what meets the eye – a constant possibility of the imaginary not yet fixated in reality by signifiers.

Returning to the subject of money, Bjerg use an understanding of the three orders: the symbolic, the real and the imaginary to make an understanding of how is Money. Put shortly Bjerg draws on the theories of money: commodity theory, credit theory and State theory in his understanding of money. Essentially this means that money can be understood having three points of emergence: from the order of the symbolic in State theory as fiat money; from the order of the real in commodity theory, as real value; and from the order of the imaginary in credit theory as digital money.[31] Though the State theory and commodity theory understand money differently, they agree on the fact, “Money is essentially a thing.”[32]

 

Understanding the symbolic and the state theory of money, having $20 is having a note saying ‘It Owes yoU’ the possibility of acquiring any commodity of the value of $20.[33] But money comes with a catch, concurrently the fiat impose a ‘yoU Owe It’. Due to the constitution of the state theory of money, providing citizens money it comes with a primordial debt to society[34], repayable only through a lifetime of taxes fines etc.[35] By accepting money one accepts a claim upon one self in exchange of possibilities through the order of the symbolic, because the fiat money becomes the symbol of the claim. In other words, by acknowledging and using money, it seems that one at the same time are given possibilities and fall victim to money. Conceptualising money this way, is realizing a participation in conceptual victimization, and every monetary transact holds an immanent acknowledgement “that it has to be so”[36] as we spend money out of self-preservation.

Understanding the real and the commodity theory of money. Drawing on the understanding of the symbolic as a reality of signifiers, cash money is in its physical form (of fiat money) a symbol of a value. As a symbol of value, money inhabits the capacity of measuring commodities against each other in price. Thus money becomes a medium for exchange of value in price.[37] However, money is not only a symbol of value in price, it is in it self value, and thus, like Zizek’s subject, money is split between, price (the value of commodities) and value (the value of value (money in it self)).[38] As means of explanation, gold has been used to verify the value of money. This merely circumvents the explanation, as it displaces the mystery of value of value. To believe in the value of money one now have to accept gold backing money, because gold inhabits the mysterious value of value.[39] Seemingly, one cannot deny that cash and gold in reality differ as a symbol of value, as cash is merely paper and coin, whereas gold is gold. Gold seems suddenly more real, until questioned on the value of gold itself. Gold is only real as value of value, when we simultaneously accept it as symbolizing the function of money.[40] As such both gold as money and money as cash, is split between the order of the symbolic and the real, held together only by the value ascribed it through the Imaginary. Only “As long as people believe that the money issued by the state [gold or cash] is somehow backed by ‘real value’, this money will indeed circulate as if it were actually backed by ‘real value’, thus producing the effect that it is indeed backed by ‘real value’”.[41] Value is backed by the belief, that it can be converted into ‘real value’ in reality, in other words, money exists and functions through a tautology. Conceptualizing money like this, believing in money as value seems absurd and somehow the belief in money becomes a believe against better knowledge, and any act in economy becomes “to act against better knowledge”[42]

Finally we reach the understanding of money by the order of the imaginary. The order of the imaginary is concerned with the ascription of value or the belief in ‘real’ value. Consequently the imaginary enables credit, in the form of cash (‘It Owes yoU’/yoU Owe It) or credit in the form of debt (‘I Owe yoU’). Understanding credit theory, it is basically circulation of credit and debt.[43] But to be able to circulate debt as an abstract, and not as intricate records of houses, bread and sheep, it needs a common denominator[44]or a system of account. This common denominator or system is found in the fiat money, as they denominate a system symbolising value. Also circulating debt means, possibly receiving a third party I Owe yoU, which calls to question the creditworthiness of the debtor, because the value of a debt is only worth as much as the likelihood of its redemption.[45] To overcome this in credit theory of money banks takes on a role, much similar to gold in the commodity theory of money, as valuer of the value of debt.[46] The creditworthiness of a debtor is measured by the odds of future returns on the investments or the possibility of earning back the debt by sale of labour or commodities in the future. Paradoxically banks are the agents in the economy with the highest creditworthiness, in spite of the fact that they produce nothing.[47] The paradox is that the function of banks in the theory of credit comes to enforce the same tautological effect in the credit theory of money, as gold in the commodity theory of money. Because a debt has value, because it is backed by banks, that are creditworthy because they are creditworthy. Conceptualizing money via the order of the imaginary is to “see the nothingness to which everything leads.”[48] At the same time, knowing to be a victim of this nothingness and re-enforce it, in continuous acts against better knowledge.

Consequently money does not exist but is merely a complex interdependency between, value, price and future possibilities, held together in a borromean knot. What makes money is the “believe that the money issued … [credit, gold or cash] is somehow backed by ‘real value’, this money will indeed circulate as if it were actually backed by ‘real value’, thus producing the effect that it is indeed backed by ‘real value’”.[49] Inherent in this understanding of money, is a number of paradoxes, which addressed directly renders a realization of being victimized and encroached by a concept of nothingness up-held by acting against a better knowledge thus reconfiguring the knot. Further more in this realization of money as a concept is a creation, my co-creation of the intersection of the conceptual-emperical, and the conceptualizing of money, realizing the nothingness of money via a state of blasé, becomes as re-creation of money. Money as an illusion over which one has no power, a necessary evil, endured against better knowledge.


Melan-conomy

My second realization was melan-conomy set on by a reading Rickards, The Death of Money. While lingering at this passage regarding the economical movement in the period 2009-2013: “The economy was in a phase not seen in eighty years. It was neither a recession as technically defined, nor a robust recovery as widely expected. It was a depression, exactly as Keynes had defined it, “a chronic condition of sub-normal activity for a considerable period without any marked tendency either toward recovery or toward complete collapse.” There was no cyclical recovery because the problems in the economy were not cyclical; they were structural. This depression should be expected to continue indefinitely in the absence of structural changes.”[50][51] The passage caught my eye, because it seems to inhabit a gloomy diagnosis. The economy is suffering from something chronic, something from which it neither recovers nor succumbs to. The economy is a “sick patient”[52] comparable to the description of the present-day cynic: ”Psychologically, present-day cynics can be understood as borderline melancholies, who can keep their symptoms of depression under control and can remain more or less able to work.” [53] Like the cynic the economy seems to keep working, more or less. It neither moves toward recovery, nor towards complete collapse, it seems, in almost motionlessness, to remain calm, repressing the catastrophic symptoms in a way that makes it keep working. I realized, even the economy seems apathetic, like a borderline melancholic. It seems unable to make up its mind; not moving yet not completely passive. When stimulated one or the other way it seems not to care to (re-)act at all, it seems only to keep the depression under control, to remain able to work. I wonder if the purposelessness that I felt, reading of economy, somehow was a mirror of economy, or if maybe my enlightenment made economy emerge in a certain way. In any case blasé, it seems; is the current denominator of the state of mind and mind of states – creating melan-conomy.

According to Rickards, economists, indebted homeowners, unemployed, young students and government officials, share the frustration concerning economy. For the past fifteen years prior to the crisis of 2008, the false confidence in real-estate lead to inflated prizes in the housing market. In 2007 when the bubble burst homeowners were left with mortgages exceeding the value of their property, which started the depression.[54] The logic consequence of a depression is deflation caused by the propensity not to spend, resulting in further deflation as production goes down and hoarding of cash seems more sensible than investing in failing enterprises.[55] Consequently it led to the panic of 2008, where corporations and individuals lost confidence in the banks and their method of business. A worldwide run on banks would have resulted in a depression as devastating as the one of the 1929 market crash. The reason for predicting such severe consequences is due to how money is created. The amount of money in the world is determined by the amount of debt, more debt equals more money, which entails: less debt equals less money.[56] In fact more that 97% of the economy is created trough deposits of loans.[57] In other words economy is dependent on the willingness to lend out money and if we try to realize the money (withdraw all at once) economy literally evaporates into nothingness. Consequently to evade potential disaster caused by the panic in 2008 the sovereign governments, and central banks bailed out banks deemed to big to fail, reinstating private debt as public debt[58], by using taxpayers’ money. Doing this it seems that the sovereign governments, immanently in this action recognizes that money does not exist, as I realized above. Because they bail out banks, they seem to show through action that they are aware that the value of debt is nothing if the creditworthy is not creditworthy. What I mean to imply is that the borromean knot dissolves but is reinstated by an act of enlightened false consciousness.

Unfortunately, in an economy where the nominal growth is stagnant or failing, the national undertaking of debt strains the national deficit. The added costs of interest and repayments may result in a negative relation between taxes and spending and consequently result in a state bankruptcy.[59] To meet this minor obstacle, states speculate in the rate of inflation. As mentioned, the logic result of a depression is deflation. Shortly it entails that the owner of cash in time will experience an increased value of a fixed amount of cash. This is set off by a propensity not to overspend during deflation, and thereby creating a decrease in prices due to price competition. As such deflation benefits the consumer[60], but only in a short run, because less spending means less production, which means less employment and hence no salary to spend.[61] All in all this also means a decrease in taxes, which the newly indebted governments cannot afford.

To counteract this tendency cash flow needs to be stimulated. Because students tend to spend, rather than save, they pose a monetary gateway to the economy. In other words by providing students with funds, one can stimulate cash flow in society, because what students don’t spend on tuition, accommodation and books they spend on consumption.[62] From a government perspective this makes it possible to ease the logic consequences of depression, by providing student funds and thereby boosting cash flow, creating inflation. In other words, by enforcing an increase in students spending, the decrease in homeowner spending is evened out. From the student perspective, student loans are an investment in future prospect, but only so long as education provide better chances at procuring a job. And that is just it. The growing numbers of unemployment in western countries are hard to overlook, and so is the fact that millions of well-educated people have ‘sold their future’, by taking on debt. It seems that students acts against their better knowledge, taking up loans they probably know they cannot repay. Accepting a double claim through both tax and loans, victimized by circumstance in order to survive. By this it seems student loans and the naïve believe in academia points towards the same abyss as the previous confidence in real estate.

According to Rickards there seems to be an academia bubble under way.[63] Looking at the situation in Europe it seems to bare testimony to Rickards predictions. Even before the crash of 2008, Students of Paris demonstrated in the streets and finally barricaded at the Sorbonne in March 2006.[64] They protested against the new legislations legalizing ungrounded firings of young people within the first two years of employment.[65] The young people were seeking to air their frustration about unemployment and uncertainty of employment and hence the darkness of their future expectations as potential taxpayers and homeowners. Only when the directive was abandoned in April 2006 the protests died out. But little has changed since. In mid November 2013 top officials from all over EU assembled to address the problem of youth unemployment, as the European average was 23,5%, with countries like Spain and Greece reaching the ‘top score’ above 50%.[66] The reason for this is most likely to be found in the somewhat hidden possibility that western economy has been in a zero-growth state for the past twenty years and in fact real-estate bubbles have created the experience of wealth we have known for the past two decades.[67] As such western economy and hence production is merely an illusion, created by a false sense of wealth.

What I observe is that all (government, homeowners and students), fall victim to money. Money that sovereign governments trough actions seemingly acknowledges does not exist. Homeowners are caught by mortgages exceeding the value of their properties caught in a discrepancy between the real value of commodities and the symbolic reality of money. Students seem to obtain loans despite the fact that they must be aware of the predicament they may face redeeming the debt. Government officials provide the loans despite, they as well, must know that the debt is unlikely to be repaid because of unemployment. I must suppose the governments act against their better knowledge, but they do it anyway excused by the need for cash flow in economy. In other words “They know what they are doing, but they do it because, in the short run, the forces of circumstance and the instinct for self-preservation are speaking the same language, and they are telling them that it has to be so. Others would do it anyways, perhaps worse”.[68]  I believe them to be blasé, because I do not believe they are neither dumb nor evil, they “see the nothingness to which everything leads”[69] and they have “become elastic enough to incorporate as a survival factor a permanent doubt about their own activity”.[70] By demonstrating in the streets students show they are knowing about the fact that there is no higher purpose of education, but yet acts as if when obtaining loans. What I see is that government officials, homeowners and students keeps on going about their respective businesses as if it serves a purpose, knowing that the purpose they claim to serve is an illusion. I wonder if this is not a collective public mass loneliness and purposelessness. Where our ability “to create generally accepted public character has been lost”[71] caused by the focus on self-preservation. Consequently we become isolated borderline melancholies[72] acting in economy, and yet not acting. Initiating distrust in the banks and then reinstating trust in the banks. It seems that we as well as economy control our symptoms of depression to be able to function. What I see is that an enactment – of “enlightened false consciousness”[73], knowingly acting without purpose and prospect, set on by the economic crisis and realizations of money – simultaneously create a state of melan-conomy.

 

Co-creating crisis

My agenda was to reflect on money, crisis, debt and the human state of mind, as one of being in a state of blasé, wondering if the relation of the conceptual-empirical is co-creating the economic crisis and manifesting in what I deem melan-conomy. In doing so the reflexions departed from my own view and agonizing realizations, that the more I learned of economy the more I felt the nothingness and purposelessness of everything. Somehow I found myself in a spontaneous “material-semiotic node”[74] an intersection of the syllabus and my state of mind, which I identified as blasé, a concept born from reading Sloterdijk. In this state I seemed to identify with the empirical, I felt it to be to close for comfort. Reading the conceptualisation of money in this state of mind, I saw how we are victimized by fiat money, because merely by being in economy we are condemned with a claim. Furthermore I realized that I myself, enacting the commodity theory, re-enforce this claim in every transaction I make. Only now the state of blasé further overwhelmed me because I realized that from now and onward I was also enacting the enlightened false consciousness, acting against my better knowledge whenever acting in economy. Reading on, I was faced with nothingness by credit theory of money, realizing that money is somehow purposeless, only held together by a borromean knot of the real, symbolic and imaginary, and somehow I recognized my self as a victim, re-enforcing my own victimization of pure nothing. Gradually yet another realization snug up on me, the re-enforcement of victimization of pure nothing, was a creation of the material-semiotic node I was encountering.

Yet, in my state of elasticity doubting my own activity, I read on, and discovered what I deemed to be melan-conomy. Guided by Slotedijk’s prediction of the cynical reason being a mass figure, I detected melan-conomy to be produced by a mass action, of enlightened false consciousness in economy. Melan-conomy seemed to be the consequence of homeowners, students and government officials’ actions against their better knowledge. A knowledge of nothingness, because they seem as I to have detected, money does not exist. The borromean knot is dissolving, only to be re-instated by actions against better knowledge.

Returning to my initial agenda reflecting on the likelihood that the relation of the conceptual-empirical is co-creating the economic crisis, I find that by these reflexions I have contributed to the co-creation of crisis. As such this mere product is testimony that the validity of my wonderings cannot be disproven. Constructing the connection between the state of blasé and homeowners, students and government officials’, it cannot be denied that they might co-create the economical crisis, trough re-enforcement of victimization of pure nothing, knowingly acting against their better knowledge. Though speaking in terms of situated knowledges I cannot claim to see from their point of view and thus I can neither claim nor deny their participation in the co-creation of the economic crisis, but only claim their effect on my co-creation of the economic crisis through the observation of melan-conomy.

 

The neurosis of future happiness

Before ending these reflections as promised I reintroduce Sloterdijk. Because while being in the agonizing state of blasé, realizing my own enlightened false consciousness I experienced a shift underway co-creating melan-conomy. As I was writing from a place of a priori pain[75] – a place to close for comfort, grasping nothingness – the closeness of this nothingness seemed to unveil a sense of now-ness. Identifying my pain, as insecurity caused by the realization that my future had just evaporated into nothing, the only thing I had was now – consequently the following notion from Sloterdijk dawned on me:

“European neurosis sees happiness as its goal and an effort of reason as a way to achieve it… Ironically, the aim of the most critical effort is the most ingenious release.”[76] Because “..cynicism becomes the foundation for a healthy freedom from illusion.”[77]

What I became aware of was, that since my realization of nothingness, I did not have to concern my self with any goals. It was like worry had been lifted from me, and I felt a weird form of relief. Returning to the reflections on economy. What if, the problem in economy mentioned above, that it is not cyclical, but structural, is created by the way we think of money as a means to a goal. As I just illustrated. I in my reading and writing, I too have been re-creating crisis and co-creating melan-conomy. This must entail, that struck by another material-semiotic node, pre-supposedly I would be able to make a different co-creation. Concerning economy my wonderings are if the same ability is present. Supposing that melan-conomy is the present state of mind and mind of states, Sloterdijk’s prediction of a cynical mass figure, would also imply the possibility of a mass now-ness. The same relieving now-ness I was struck with. What I mean to suggest is, somehow “..cynicism becomes the foundation for a healthy freedom from illusion.”[78] Thus – if my observations of melan-conomy are correct, they may entail an awareness of now-ness and relief in economy – possibly via a co-creation set in motion by a material-semiotic intersection. Accordingly the implication of melan-conomy and discovery of the relief of economical now-ness could be a creation of fore instance a state of instant-conomy.

 

Bibliography:

Bjerg, Ole. Making Money – The philosophy of crisis capitalism, Verso 2014.

Boltanski, Luc and Chiapello, Ève. The New Spirit Capitalism, General introduction: On the spirit of capitalism and the role of critique. New York: Verso 2005.

Bruun Jensen, Casper. Continuous Variations: The Conceptual and the Empirical in STS. Forthcoming 2013.

Eisenstein, Charles. Sacred Economics. Chapter 1 & 12. Available from Evolver Edition/North Atlantic Books. (The text is not provided with any page numbers)

Filosofisk Leksikon. (Heidegger, Martin) Gyldendal 2008.

Haraway, Donna. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women – the reinvention of nature, Chapter 9: Situated Knowledges. New York Routledge, 1991.

Positive Money, The Positive money system in plain English, 2013

Rickards, James. The Death of Money – the coming collapse of the international monetary system, Penguin 2014

Sloterdijk, Peter. Critique of Cynical Reason, Pp. Xxvi-21. University of Minnesota Press, 2007. 

Links: (21.01.2015)

http://www.denstoredanske.dk/Geografi_og_historie/USA_og_Nordamerika/USA_efter_1945/Occupy_Wall_Street

http://www.b.dk/verden/frankrigs-desperate-ungdomsoproer

http://www.b.dk/verden/fransk-oproer-bringer-minder-om-68

http://www.b.dk/globalt/eu-ledere-saetter-ind-mod-ungdomsarbejdsloeshed

 

[1] STS: Science and technology studies.

[2] Bruun Jensen, p. 11

[3] Sloterdijk, p. xxxiii

[4] Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women, chapter 9.

[5] Haraway, 200

[6] Haraway, p. 186

[7] Sloterdijk.

[8] Bjerg.

[9] Den Store Danske Encyklopædi, http://www.denstoredanske.dk/Geografi_og_historie/USA_og_Nordamerika/USA_efter_1945/Occupy_Wall_Street

[10] Boltanski and Chiapello

[11] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[12] Sloterdijk, p. 4

[13] Sloterdijk, p. 4

[14] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[15] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[16] Sloterdijk, p. xxvi

[17] Sloterdijk, p 5

[18] Sloterdijk, p 5

[19] Sloterdijk, p 6

[20] Sloterdijk, p.5

[21] Sloterdijk, p. 6

[22] Bjerg. P. 83

[23] Bjerg. P. 83

[24] Bjerg. P. 112

[25] (Filosofik leksikon, gyldendal) Heidegger, Martin, 1889-1976, Heideggers claim on dasein is that, historically, the approach to an understanding of dasein has not been attempted radically enough.

[26] Bjerg. P. 86

[27] Bjerg. P 86

[28] Bjerg. P. 89

[29] Bjerg. P. 87

[30] Bjerg. P. 89

[31] Bjerg. P 116

[32] Bjerg. P. 114

[33] Bjerg, p 123

[34] Bjerg, p. 122

[35] Bjerg, p 123

[36] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[37] Bjerg. P. 92

[38] Bjerg. P. 90

[39] Bjerg. P 91

[40] Bjerg. P. 95

[41] Bjerg. P. 112

[42] Sloterdijk, p. 6

[43] Bjerg. P. 119

[44] Bjerg. P. 121

[45] Bjerg, p. 125

[46] Bjerg, p. 127

[47] Bjerg, p. 129

[48] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[49] Bjerg. P. 112

[50] Rickards. Chapter 10, The Inflation-Deflation Paradox

[51] The text provided in the syllabus does not have page numbers. Referring to the Rickards text I will provide info on Chapter and the headline of the paragraph referred to.

[52] Rickards. Cahpter 7, Fed Policy and the Money Contract

[53] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[54] Rickards. Chapter 10, Tuition Tally

[55] Rickards. Chapter 10, The Inflation-Deflation Paradox

[56] Positive Money, p. 4.

[57] Positive Money, p. 4.

[58] Rickards. Chapter 8, One Bank

[59] Rickards. Chapter 7, Sustainable debt

[60] Rickards. Chapter 10, Failure of Imagination

[61] Rickards. Chapter 10, The Inflation-Deflation Paradox

[62] Rickards. Chapter 10, Tuition Tally

[63] Rickards. Chapter 10, Tuition Tally

[64] http://www.b.dk/verden/fransk-oproer-bringer-minder-om-68

[65] http://www.b.dk/verden/frankrigs-desperate-ungdomsoproer

[66] http://www.b.dk/globalt/eu-ledere-saetter-ind-mod-ungdomsarbejdsloeshed

[67] Eisenstein, chapter 12.

[68] Sloterdijk p.5

[69] Sloterdijk p. 5

[70] Sloterdijk p. 5

[71] Sloterdijk, p. 4

[72] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[73] Sloterdijk, p. 5

[74] Haraway, 200

[75] Sloterdijk, xxviii

[76] Sloterdijk, xxxvii

[77] Sloterdijk, xxxvii

[78] Sloterdijk, xxxvii

222 thoughts on “Melan-conomy – Co-creating crisis

  1. All engagements need not culminate in marriage. Some engagements get broken as a result of a variety of causes . On such occasions, really should the lady give the ring back towards the man? In most cultures, the lady require not return the ring. In case the woman may be the one who breaks the marriage off, the man has the freedom to ask for its return. He may also opt to let her hold the ring.

  2. (and I’m paraphrasing), “If it comes down to whether you eat a meal or have that record you want, always get the record.” Amen brother, true collector.Awesome box set. I’m not big on remasters (you know this), but to have them all in one place is nice. And of course you shelled out the extra to get the rare 5th disc edition. Man, do you own any normal CDs? Like, off the rack, normal rest-of-us-bought-it-that-way CDs? No bonus tracks or exclusive anythings? Do you? ‘Cos it sure doesn’t seem like it!

  3. Oi Mia sä oot palannu 🙂 Jeejee nyt kyllä tää pelasti mun päivän 🙂 Samaa mieltä oon tossa isben, sebastianin & katariinan kolmiodraama hommasta, että toovottavasti niitte välille (siis katariinan ja sebastianin) ei tuu mitää romanttista. Ja sitten se, et heidin ja joonatanin välil on säpinää (itse tykkään enemmän jiri&heidi parituksesta) mut onhan se kiva et joonatan tuli takas 🙂 mut jeejee sä tulit takas 🙂

  4. There are some fascinating deadlines on this article however I don’t know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity however I will take hold opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we would like more! Added to FeedBurner as well

  5. சுய விளம்பரம் எமது நோக்கம் அல்ல. எமது கருத்துக்கள் வாசகர்களிடம் செல்ல வேண்டும். அவ்வளவே. இங்கே சுயவிளம்பரம் தேடி என்ன ஆதாயம் அடையப் போகிறோம்? ஆதாயத்திற்காக எமது வலைப் பூ நடத்தப்படவில்லை என்பதை முதலில் அறியவும். பொத்தாம் பொதுவாக குற்றம் சாட்டி விட்டு அன்னா அசாரே குறித்த விவாதத்தை திசை திருப்ப முயல வேண்டாம். இணைப்பு கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ள வலைப்பூவில் உள்ள பதிவை முதலில் படிக்கவும். அதற்கெல்லாம் தங்களிடம் பதில் இல்லை என்பதற்காக போகிற போக்கில் புழுதி வாரித் தூறà001000¯à®±à¯à®µà®¤à¯à®¤à®¾à®©à¯ தங்களின் பணியோ?

  6. Jane Lee – I’m so thankful I was there to help when you were not feeling well. It’s never a burden to take of your child….or her children. I loved being with you all and getting to know and love Jonah. He is such a sweet, precious, perfect gift. Thank you, Lynds and Jason, for all four of the grandchildren you have given me. I am counting the weeks until I can be with you again.November 12, 2012 – 12:30 am

  7. focused on particular topics and create a…niche for themselves in a particular genre. there are still others who write on each and every genre and do not restrict themselves to any section.what matters is the ability to constantly reinvent oneself based on the demands of the readers….

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  9. ma voi non avete colto la parte più bella del commento di nico, che è quello che praticamente succede OGNI qualvolta si tenti di verificare un presunto "fenomeno": "Chi ti vuole in mezzo Attivissimo, tu porti male ai fenomeni, senza offesa. Lo so bene che guarda caso quando arrivi tu magicamente…"capito?? "magicamente" tutti i fenomeni scompaiono all'arrivo di attivissimo, chissà come mai eh?cose da pazzi….. 🙂

  10. ih ih ih… e pensare che dopo avere usato gia’ netscape, che e’ il primo approccio a internet che ho avuto, nel 1999 l’universita’ di siena dava un indirizzo di posta elettronica gratuito e i terminali da cui si poteva accedere erano telnet, per cui la primissima schermata mi e’ molto familiare :-)))per fortuna le cose sono progredite e adesso abbiamo il wireless in facolta’ :-))

  11. Bonjour à tous,De vacances. Une réflexion. Bête et simpliste. Comment penser que tout à été mal alors que le monde et la France ont sacrément avance pour proposer à une démographie évolutive, une possibilité de vie et de santé en France. Ne faudrait-il pas relativiser nos constats en leur donnant une contrepartie positive. Bon, c’est certainement une erreur comme propos, mais cela m’interpelle. Â

  12. They should learn from the Indian experience.Indians were invited to migrate to Africa under the British. When the British left, the Indian ran most of the businesses and industries. Most African countries were resentful of this and kicked the Indians out, at which point their economies collapsed. Most of them never really recovered.It’s going to be exactly the same for the Chinese. The blacks don’t like people coming into their lands and outperforming them, even if overall their society benefits.

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  14. I have seen lots of useful things on your website about pcs. However, I’ve got the opinion that laptops are still more or less not powerful enough to be a wise decision if you normally do things that require loads of power, including video editing. But for web surfing, statement processing, and most other popular computer work they are all right, provided you cannot mind small screen size. Many thanks sharing your thinking.

  15. The logical alternatives when the Eurozone was set up were to either to move to something like our federal form of government with the central (Eurozone) government responsible for major items like welfare, defense etc. and the central government to insist that the state governments had to show some responsibility. The alternative is to forget about it.If Greece had not joined the Eurozone a fall in the Drachma may have reduced the damage or at least alerted the Greeks that something was seriously wrong.

  16. Елена:Самое трудное – это менять свое мировоззрение, слишком долго из нас делали «ÃÂºÃÂ»ÃÂµÃ‘‚очных», но через боль и внутреннее сопротивление это надо делать, чтобы с достоинством называть себя Человеком

  17. 13dTexancelt, Dude, you’ve got me confused with someone else. I despise the very idea of Marxism and all of it’s bastard children! (Communism, Socialism, Liberalism, Progressivism) There are plenty of Commies posting on this board, but I’m not one of them!d729

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  19. comme : Tales of the crypt ( réédition d’ancienne BD ) , je vous propose celles – ci ( des années 70 – 80 ) : – aventures fiction -big boss – brick – cosmos – demon – dracula – etranges aventures – eclipso – frankenstein – faucon noirr -hallucinations – il est minuit …….. – kamandi – king kong le robot – le fantôme du bengale – l’inattendu – la maison du mystère – le manoir des fantômes – le fils de satan – monde futur – pim pam poum – sideral – secret invasion – spectral – surboum – spoof – trophée – vengeurs – vick – yataca

  20. el equipo idoneo para estos tiempos seria:!palop!,banda izquierda todo terrenocentrales:!Puyol!indiscutible en un onze,i!Ramos!odio qe se ha un jugador del madrid da seguridad al campo i a la porteria.banda derecha:!trabelsi!me gusta un jugador qe lucha siempre i tiene llega da i sus tareas defensivas lo hace magistral.3hombres siempre por delante de la defensa.

  21. Viva el rey! Sin duda todos sus juegos obras maestras, pero si he de escojer, me quedo con Super Mario World y Super Mario 64, con estos dos juegos fundi las consolas de lo increible que era. Gracias por todo y por lo que queda por llegar!

  22. …you don’t have to be good at it, you just have to enjoy it. I’ve always thought that people make better teachers when they love what they’re teaching. Sadly you don’t find that all the time.

  23. where you can get roast beef the way it was meant to be. Monday – Mojito chicken sandwiches with five-minute guacamole, creamy orzo and rice Tuesday – tailgating at the St. Paul Saints game Wednesday – Italian

  24. Just as I thought…You can’t bring yourself to utter the words, “Obama made a mistake…”I call out Rethugs! on theirs too, as well as congratulate Obama on his successes-you might recall I got linked by Insta-Glenn for that once.C’mon, have some intellectual honesty. I mean, you’re so much better than I, and I can admit when I make a mistake…That’s pretty sad, but I’ll help you.Repeat after me; “Obama made a mistake”.

  25. I’ve found a pretty simple answer to this question. When considering whether my friendship with a man is appropriate, I ask myself: would I be comfortable with my husband having the same friendship with another woman?If the answer is yes, then in general* I don’t see a problem with it.*I realize there are always exceptions to this type of rule based on people’s pasts and individual relationship baggage. However, so far it seems to be a good rule in our marriage.

  26. Gregiore’s “no bad news” assessment of Washington State’s economy is ridiculous! She doesn’t dare let on that there’s trouble brewing otherwise the citizens might start demanding lower taxes and smaller government. – Rate this comment: 0  0

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  28. Trener Szulc stawał w 2 secie na głowie, ledwo nie "zszedł" z parkietu, ale nie było sposobu na chłopaków. Niestety zagrywki były koszmarne. Bartek Jasień 100% skutecznego autu.

  29. Was Stefan sagt stimmt. Hier in Niedersachsen muß ich im Radio nur Blödsinn ertragen. Es wundert mich, daß noch keine Klingeltöne im Radio erschallen…Zum Glück gibt es Ausnahmen wie radioeins und ähnliche Formate

  30. yeah. keep pretending you’re some amazing scholar and blah blah.in the end, you backbite just like the rest of us. you emphasize how wrong it is yet you turn around and do it yourself.have some self respect.and also, about your other blog discussing "if you won’t stop anyone from wearing hijab, why stop yourself"… It’s a personal choice. yes, it’s a command. Whether we choose to wear it or not is our problem, not yours. So stop preaching and do something else with your time. Thanks.

  31. Arcadius,« sacrifiés » ?En effet.Mais que faire ? Si on intervient, on est des colonialistes. Si on n’intervient pas, on est des lâches.C’est compliqué, non ?Personnellement, je veux être bien clair. Je suis partisan de « rétablir l’équilibre » (i.e. annuler l’avantage militaire de Khadafi). Après, les Libyens se débrouilleront.Mais j’ai peut-être tort.

  32. J oubliais on avait un ami qu on appelait jamel mediouni allias jamel 19 un homme merveilleux qui me manque bcp et qui restera gravé ds mon cÅ“ur il nous a quitté en mars 2009 c était l emblème de cette époque merveilleuse qui animait l âme des potagers sans oublier les personnes qui nous ont quittées famille bendra, rahal, abdelmalek, boudjema, ayadi etc… Qu Allah leur face miséricorde

  33. Awesome blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally overwhelmed .. Any suggestions? Cheers!

  34. October 28, 2010 – 4:58 am I’m pretty excited by the new SERPs. It’s going to help those businesses who have invested some effort in their place pages, but I think the biggest loser might be Adwords ads. Out of the various layouts google is currently showing, is there one being shown more than others, or are they all pretty even so far?

  35. Zenster,using our enemies´ammunition is precious. It sticks much better, We use their own subconsciouss low mind flows, get deeper in their minds with no effort or screaming:”LGF is right, you lot have crossed the line..”Turn it into: “The muslims have crossed the line”.A perfect immutable comment. Can be used 1 000 times.Fnords still feel like fathering the poor muslims, enjoying sort of PC superiority feelings – towards us, towards them. Independent judges. Sweet self-delusion.

  36. That picture at the end reminds me of "Dancing with the Stars". I just love that show. I turn it on and forget all my troubles. I pretend I'm one of the beautiful people spinning and dipping and gliding across the dance floor. I so much look forward to watching that show … hey wait a minute … I better check the TV Guide. That stupid political stuff better not bump my show.

  37. Jesus, cousin, that's contamination at first touch, you've managed to foist your ambivalent own-initiative to self-destruct upon the poor creature, swinging from unaware self-abuse to deliberate self-exploitation for the common good, be that irresponsible entertainment or downright suicidal self-management. =))

  38. i really want to see the scene where peeta tells katniss about how he fell in love with her! so sweet! I’m also looking forward to the moment when katniss and peeta try to swallow the nightlock. that moment really defines the rest of the series

  39. What you said here is so true! Motivation to change has to come from within yourself, otherwise change won’t happen! When I was in high school my parents were always nagging me to eat healthier and exercise, but I wouldn’t because my inner drive wasn’t strong enough. It wasn’t until I hit rock bottom with my confidence that I finally realized how much I wanted to change for myself!

  40. Ehmmm… a volte le parlo, lo ammetto. Comunque i programmatori nintendo hanno fatto un lavoro veramente superbo, sono davvero ammirata. E’ incredibile vedere come la console riesce a decifrare così precisamente i segnali dei sensori (mi pare che la balance board ne invii 60 al secondo). In realtà uno dei miei sogni segreti era fare la programmatrice di giochi, ma visto che non l’ho fatto, almeno li testo!P.S.: Volevo anche dirti che condivido con te la passione per il bento… anche lì ci sono miliardi di siti da consultare, ci vorrebbe un’altra vita!

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  43. Bo to jest dużo. Nawet bardzo dużo. I dlatego oczekiwania rosnÄ….Wie Pan, że ludzie potrzebujÄ… rad, wskazówek, żeby jakoÅ› funkcjonować, mieć jakiÅ› punkt zaczepienia, nadziejÄ™… Nie każdy przecież może mieć sukces ;]Pewnie, że poczekam… jest zresztÄ… inne wyjÅ›cie? ;]Pozdrawiam

  44. Hehe, stiu povestea. Eu cand am plecat in africa am zis tuturor dupa ce aveam avionul luat si puteau spune orice . Oricum, ca idee, asa fac toti. E o invidie prosteasca, ca tu ai sansa sa evadezi din cotidianul si ignoranta in care toate oile se complac. Si mai e replica aia: ce faci tu printre negrii aia? Fuuuuck off! Stati toti in puscariile all inclusive. Toti fomistii p care ii intrebi cum a fost in turcia si iti zic: mancare, bautura, extraordinar ))))Anyway, cool blog!

  45. Hi HarishThanks for being a regular reader of the blog.do not want to discuss the gory details of my poor manager and my not so good colleagues online. suffice to say that i did have a boss who had issues and relatively poor; colleagues that have a long way to go. i think the way to handle each of these people or situations is not templatable. i believe in customizing the approach according to the person / context.thanks

  46. under mina matbloggrundor som verkar bra. Det här receptet på veganska banannötvåfflor från Shutterbean hittade jag någon gång i januari och sparade men kom inte ihåg det förrän jag fick ett

  47. Thanks Earl! I appreciate your kind words. I guess I value happiness much more than ‘success.’ I don’t really need to prove anything to anyone anymore. I just want to strive to be better for myself. The struggle really is the most rewarding part.I hope we can meet soon!

  48. I really like EditGrid. I recently used a similar tool for a project and was not happy with it, I would have been much happier using EditGrid. I like the fact that you can insert pictures and it is Excel compatible. Some of the most unique features that I like are the fact that you can password protect the file online, multiple people can edit the file at the same time, and that there is live data updating.

  49. “king of the world” might be more of an ENTJ thing than NT thing, though. I think every NT type has a slightly different reason for why they come up with ideas, but the important thing is they have them. For example, I’m an INTJ and I come up with ideas because I’m always looking for how things can be improved. Whereas my ENTP husband comes up with ideas because it’s fun for him.

  50. omg i always thought if i ever saw a mouse id be like big deal! theyre so cute. but one night a couple months ago i was at felipes alone and i turned on the kitchen light and a MOUSE ran behind the stove. i obviously screamed, ran into his bedroom, locked myself in and didn't come out until he came home and assured me i was hallucinating (i assure i was not!) glad you survived it!Lol

  51. Es ist schön zu lesen, daß Du auch diese Asso­zia­tion hat­test, Bue­cher­ma­niac. Meine Lek­türe von “Nacht­zug nach Lis­sa­bon” liegt schon einige Zeit zurück. Ich fand die­sen Roman inter­es­sant, aber man­che Stel­len haben meine Geduld etwas über­for­dert. Viel­leicht sollte ihm eine zweite Chance geben.

  52. Very funny post. I’m not much of a Valentine’s Day celebrator, and hadn’t thought much about the giving/receiving of gifts for the holiday. I stopped in the local grocery and was nearly knocked out by all the pink balloons and flower arrangements that greeted me when I entered. I was equally surprised by the number of men buzzing about with arms full of flowers and candy (at last minute pit stop before heading home?). It made me smile.

  53. 6-2-12 spune: Ma puteti ajuta si pe mine? Am si eu probleme cu calculatorul, introduc un dvd si nu-l mai vede si inainte il vedea Am intrat si m-am uitat cum ati zis voi start/run/dxdiag/display si vad urmatoarele:Name : RADEON 9200 PRO;manufacturer: ATIChip type: RADEON 9250 AGP( 0×5960)Dac type : Internalc DAC (400Mz) So, am sau nu placa video?Merci! -39

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  56. Carlos olvidamos esos detalles. En la academia siempre nos recordaban el poder de los titulares y en ocasiones los descuidamos por escribir rapidamente. Usted escribe sus artículos basado en circunstancias sencillas, simples que por creerlas así no les damos la suficiente importancia. Y las cosas simples de la vida son las de mayor impacto. Un saludo desde Colombia

  57. I was just wondering the other day, what my LO is going to sound like when she starts talking. I know without a doubt that she will be a Chatty Cathy, ’cause she got it honest! LOLI’ve been meaning to try the Shea Moisture product line. I had been eyeballing Miss Jessie’s, but that price tag makes me want to faint! $9.99 sounds waaaayyy better!Amber recently posted..

  58. Hey Fidel – It all depends on your travel style. You could easily spend 2-3 weeks traveling around the entire area but if you only have a shorter amount of time to spend there, you could visit 2 or 3 towns over a 7-10 day period and that would still be quite an experience.

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  62. La rame arrivée hier, possède déjà son n° de parc à l’intérieur dans les 2 motrices.Les 2 tronçons sont arrivés exceptionnellement en même temps, car le 2ème chauffeur ne connaissait pas l’itinéraire emprunté par ses collègues entre Aytré (La Rochelle) et Montpellier.La prochaine arrivera la dernière semaine d’Août.Les 3 autres seront livrées normalement en fin d’année ou début d’année prochaine.La Tam va s’occuper maintenant à rallonger les rames Citadis 302 de la ligne 2 (prévu à partir de la rentrée prochaine si tous va bien).

  63. Me parece hermosísima la flor del Kalanchoe, tengo en este momento 5 colores diferentes, pero no se como reproducirlas. Law puedo sembrar en canastas?Apenas estoy aprendiendo a manejar el jardín. No se que abono utilizar, ni cada cuanto.Mil gracias

  64. In class today we listened to a very well know piece by Aaron Copland. Copland lived between 1900-1990 and was a native of New York. Copland originally composed it for the soldiers of World War II. Now, it is played in the Olympics.The instruments in this piece I thought were percussion and brass instruments. It made the piece loud.The piece was an enjoyable piece to listen to and was well put together.

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  67. app, and after a lot of thought I think Tom Hardy is going to do just fine. I heard earlier today from one of my coworkers at DISH that Mel gave his blessing to Tom Hardy, and he thinks that there aren’t any other actors who could play the role as well. I don’t think the whole being over budget is going to matter because they’re going to make it all back.

  68. Hi Sean, it occurred to me that there is a twin to the Newport tower, in Devon, UK, it’s been long know as a navigational tool for ships of old. I’m not sure if it was ever used as a beacon, but the UK’s National Trust may be able to help you identify its whereabouts and what its original use was.keith

  69. scrive:Ciao NiktorTheNat,innanzitutto complimenti per l’immenso lavoro che hai pubblicato. Davvero notevole e semplice. Attraverso i tuoi video sto perfezionando le mie conoscenze da autodidatta che mi hanno aiutato non poco anche in ambito lavorativo. Un grazie è veramente il minimo…ma se mi permetti vorrei farti una domanda forse un po personale (se puoi rispondere): nella tua storia che pubblichi racconti di non hai accettato nessuna delle allettanti proposte di lavoro. Sarei semplicemente curioso di sapere perché…

  70. Ps. That woman did not want you there. She smiled and tolerated you and if she gave you her number its either fake or you lied to her enough to make her think you would be able to help her in her acting career through your many connections hahahha! What a wank.

  71. – I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wished to thanks to your time for this glorious read!! I undoubtedly having fun with every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you weblog post.

  72. and you’ll keep your reader’s attention.• reduce…adverb use – adverbs tend to downplay important adjectives and nouns. let them speak for themselves by scanning for and removing any vague word constructions ending in “ly.” readers are more intrigued by an “enormous bear” than they are an “overly…

  73. Henry NwumeJuly 16, 2012 Overall: Really great prices for the high quality. I have seen some serious rip offs from some e-cigarette companies, and I am so glad to have been referred to South Beach Smoke! Best brand, for sure. My best friend used the for about 6 months before I started, and I knew she knew what she was talking about. The batteries are amazing, they can go for days with causal use. The different chargers work nicely for me, and I like the convenience a whole lot. Goodbye smoke, goodbye mess, goodbye tar! This is the smartest way to smoke for sure!

  74. “”குத்தூசி அப்ப செல்போன் – இன்டெர்நெட்டு மேல எல்லாம் பர்தா போடமுடியாது என்பதையால் அதையெல்லாம் தடை செஞ்சிட்டா பெட்டரா இருக்காது? பெண்களுக்கும் ஒரு நல்லது செஞ்சாப்புல இருக்கும்ல…”” இது காமெடியா ??? அல்லது எதாவது சீரியஸா சொல்லவர்ரீங்களா?? எனக்கு நிஜமாகவே புரியல

  75. Jirko, díky za reakci. Máš pravdu. Je to pěkné svinstvo, když dostaneš uživatele na svůj web, ten vyplní formulář, a na jeho email mu přijde poděkování. ALE POZOR, slovo o tvém webu tam nikde nenajdeš, pouze jen egoistická propagace vlastního projektu = web patřící provozovatelům affiliate sítě, který nabízí stejné služby co ty na svém webu. Bude na čase to změnit ,)

  76. “Ergo, the old “middle class” is the new “upper class”. It is regrettably true that far from disappearing, the “lower classes” are still well and truly with us. Indeed, it is argued that in the United States this section of the community is actually growing in size.”So, if the lower classes are growing in size doesn’t it suggest that the old middle class is becoming the new lower class – they’re sliding down, not rising up.

  77. i concur! i only log on at facebook about once a month because it’s so hard to sift through all the detritus and see what people i care about are doing. and i only have 11 “friends”!! as far as twitter goes, it is totally silly that people get their feelings hurt when someone doesn’t reciprocate the “follow”. it’s impossible to get through hundreds of peoples’ tweets quickly, and really, isn’t that the whole point of twitter? quick in and quick out. anyway, i really enjoyed this topic, if only because it makes me feel good that someone else out there echoes my sentiments.

  78. "Consumers will soon be able to download the JRE for Mac OS X from Java.com, just as they do for all other operating systems." So…they just have got a Round Tuit yet. Also – and I have updated the article to make this clear – the OS X installer (I have only tried the JRE) published by Oracle _only supports OS X 10.7.3_. Touch luck to Snow Leopard or Mountain Lion users, at least so far…

  79. Good tips for picking wedding shoes. The advise on comfortable shoes first is very true. For my wedding I had brand new shoes (not broken into). So for half the day I was in pain. Luckily my mom gave me some foot massages. If you plan to dance the night away a backup pair of shoes might be helpful.

  80. Cada día encuento muy buen material en tu Sitio. Sinceremante mis felicitaciones por el enfoque claro que nos brindas en cada tema. Me alegra mucho haber econtrado un Marketers como tú en la internet, ya que coinicido mucho con tu manera de hacer las cosas y a estas alturas pensaba que yo estaría equivocado con el perfil que le pienso dar a mi Sitio.Me doy cuenta que no estoy equivocado… gracias por eso.Saludos y mis mejores deseos para vos.Richard

  81. – Loving the photos; relating completely to the syndrome. Okay, a technical question which I realize will be on the bottom of the to-do list because you’ve got a lot on your plate right now (totally get that one too). The colors in these photos are brilliant. Beautifully saturated, but not at all overdone and not in any way muddy. Are you using an action for these or are you just using your own technique? Again, bottom of the list. Thanks for sharing and for making us feel better about life with a PCS child.July 14, 2008 – 2:57 am

  82. so.”Now that I am a Christian we have discussed what might have been a better way to defend Truth, and she agrees that she made a lot of mistakes in many ways.But we should still stand up for truth in our own lives, and keep fellow Christians accountable. Chastizing unbelievers for not leading a “moral” lifestyle is a waste of time, because outside of Christ (the relationship) a moral lifestyle is futile. Do I make sense?

  83. コメントありがとうございます。DSはもちろん没収です。お金は返させました。しかし持ってないものは返せません。兄弟には親から返し、、親には新聞配達のバイトの手伝いをした中から返させたり、晩御飯の後の後片付けのお手伝いです。最初は喋りながら一緒に片づけをしてたんですが、本人から「俺一人でいいで、母さんは座っとき」と言ってくれるようになったので最近は任せてます。本当は一緒にやることで会話の時間にしたかったけど。本人が一人で全部やりたいというので。何事ものめり込む子なので今は片づけが楽しいようです。長男は現在高校生ですが今でのお小遣い帳を付けさており、内容が虚偽なら翌月減額とけっこう厳しいです。お小遣いは元は親が働いたお金。お小遣いはお金をの使い方を学ぶため。しっかり収支の管理が今のうちにできるようにならないと困るからねと説明してます次男にもさせたいけどどおしても無理なんですね。これも個性かと思って話し合いの末500円なら収支報告義務免除ということにして渡しています。うちは兄弟が多いので保育所時代からそれぞれ特別を大事にしています。買い物も全員より誰かだけ連れて行って一緒にアイス食べたりはよくしてます。仕事は休職は難しいですね。専門職であり、私の代わりのいない役職なので。その代り朝は4時に起きて朝食、弁当、夕食まで作り子どもが起きる前にほとんどの家事を夫と協力して済ませます。帰宅後も10分後には家族そろってご飯を食べて会話もあります。仕事を理由に子育てをおろそかにしてると言われるのが昔から嫌なのでまさしく寝る間を惜しんで家族の時間を作るために精一杯の努力をしてます。晩御飯は7時に食べ終わり、次男が片づけをしてる20分の間に下の子の授乳。(食洗機にいれるくらいなんで。料理が朝なので鍋とかは朝のうちに洗ってます)お風呂に入るまでに結構時間があるので近所のショッピングセンターに家族でお散歩がてらおしゃべりしながら買い物もよくあることです。それでもこの事態なんでまだまだ努力不足なんでしょうね。これからもしっかり向き合いたいと思います。ありがとうございました。

  84. Justin (115)-The WPA was also a public works/”jobs” program that led us into the formation (via the Great Society in the ’60s) of the biggest welfare state in the history of mankind and cemented the existence of a permanent underclass in the US.Artificially-supported, tariff-created industries can never be justifed. The result never matches the intent, no matter how noble.

  85. Admirando tu dedicación, tu experiencia, tu trabajo compartido, tu vivencia, sencillez y tu disposición a ser parte de esos momentos mas importantes de la vida de la gente. Aconsejándonos, otorgándonos el placer de saber que en cada etapa de nuestras vidas hay un disfrute y que en medio de ello situaciones que resolver… facilitándonos y enseñándonos a aprender a vivir… éxitos se siguen asomando…abrazos Tiba!!!

  86. Det är sådana här saker som gör att man inte vill lära sin 12 veckor gamla kattunge att vistas ute, trots att hon trivs jättemycket i det fria.Skönt är ju att man bor i ett bra område där 20-tals katter går ute och jagar råttor utan att bli avrättade, dock finns det idioter som kommer och går på gatorna ibland!

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